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Heat exchangers UK

Heat exchangers for heating

SWEP heat exchangers are compact and reliable solution for steam exchanger, DHW heating, heating, biogas and district heating stations, central heating. High heat transfer efficiency ensures that exchangers are economical and lightweight.

Performance table of SWEP water exchangers

The table shows the approximate heat transfers in kW for the most common types of exchangers. These performances are indicative as they depend on the temperatures. For proper design please send us the key parameters for your project. We will then provide you with the optimal design as using our specialist computer program means performance can be determined accurately for different types of media, even for special or unusual applications.

Plate heat exchangers for heating

The performance overview for SWEP brazed heat exchangers (water/water). Inlet/outlet temperatures are 90/70 °C on primary circuit, 60/80 °C on secondary circuit. That also applies to the temperatures 80/60 °C primary, 50/70 °C secondary circuit, etc. If one of the media is an antifreeze mixture (ethylene glycol), it is necessary to increase the exchanger by about 30%.

Heat load Exchanger type Pressure drop
3 kW E5THx14 <1 kPa
10 kW E8THx10 9 kPa
25 kW E8THx20 12 kPa
40 kW E8THx30 14 kPa
60 kW E8THx40 20 kPa
100 kW B10THx60 10 kPa
160 kW B16Hx60 20 kPa
200 kW B16Hx80 19 kPa
300 kW B16Hx100 31 kPa
500 kW B35THx90 34 kPa
(click to expand other rows)
Recommended types of water exchangers water/water: source 90/70 °C, heating 60/80 °C

Water/water: DHW heating, heating

Proven in millions of installations worldwide.

The wide range of sizes of SWEP heat exchangers makes it possible to find an economical choice for heating of DHW heating, drinking water and heating. The heat source is usually a boiler, heat pump, solar panel. Domestic hot water is heated in the exchanger in a flow-through manner or can be combined with a hot water tank. With instantaneous heating, the water flow can fluctuate depending on the consumption. In this case, the pressure losses must be dimensioned for peak performance. Because the greater the water flow through the exchanger, the greater are the pressure losses (losses increase with the square of the flow).

DHW flow heater

A normal shower consumes 12 to 15 l/min. of warm water. Energy-saving showers consume 6 to 8 l/min. The comfortable temperature for showering is 44 °C. This means that for a flow heater we need a boiler with an output of about 15 kW and more. The table provides an approximate overview of heat exchangers for different outputs. The heat exchangers have ISO G external thread connections.

Heat load Exchanger type Connections m3/h; kPa l/min; kPa
15 kW E5THx14 4x 3/4" 0.66; 4 4.8; 1
20 kW E5THx20 4x 3/4" 0.88; 5 6.4; 1
30 kW E5ASHx28 4x 3/4" 1.3; 5 9.6; 2
50 kW E5THx40 4x 3/4" 2.2; 10 16; 2
(click to expand other rows)
DHW flow heater: source 70/50 °C, DHW 10/55 °C

Heat load Exchanger type Connections m3/h; kPa l/min; kPa
50 kW E5THx30 4x 3/4" 2.2; 14 14,5; 2
100 kW B12MTx20 4x 5/4" 4.5; 22 29; 3
150 kW B12MTx30 4x 5/4" 6.5; 21 43; 3
200 kW B12MTx40 4x 5/4" 8.8; 22 58; 4
300 kW B12MTx60 4x 5/4" 13; 26 87; 5
DHW flow heater: source80/60 °C, DHW 10/60 °C

It is not recommended to heat the DHW in a plate heat exchanger to temperatures higher than 60 °C: the exchanger might then be clogged with limescale.

Charging the DHW tank

The tables show the recommended models of heat exchangers for charging DHW storage tanks. If the source temperature is high, the exchangers are often too efficient and therefore it is advisable to connect them in co-current flow (in the tables it is marked with a cross: #).

Heat load Exchanger type Connections m3/h; kPa m3/h; kPa
10 kW E5THx14 4x 3/4" 0.5; 3 0.8; 6
15 kW E5THx20 4x 3/4" 0.75; 3 1.1; 6
20 kW E5THx20 4x 3/4" 1.1; 7 1.6; 13
30 kW E5THx30 4x 3/4" 1.5; 7 2.2; 13
(click to expand other rows)
Charging the DHW tank: source 70/50 °C, DHW 60 °C

Heat load Exchanger type Connections m3/h; kPa m3/h; kPa
20 kW E5THx20# 4x 3/4" 0.85; 4 1.5; 11
50 kW E5THx40 4x 3/4" 2; 8 3; 18
100 kW B12MTx30 4x 5/4" 4; 8 6; 17
200 kW B12MTx60 4x 5/4" 8; 10 12; 22
Charging the DHW tank: source 80/60 °C, DHW 60 °C

Heat load Exchanger type Connections m3/h; kPa m3/h; kPa
100 kW B12MTx30# 4x 5/4" 3.5; 14 6; 33
200 kW B12MTx40# 4x 5/4" 7; 14 12; 38
400 kW B35TM0x60# 4x 2" 12; 10 24; 38
Charging the DHW tank: source 90/70 °C, DHW 60 °C

# the heat exchanger with this mark is designed for co-current connection; heat exchanger would be too efficient when connected in countercurrent: high temperature can bring limescale deposits being built up on plates.

SWEP heat exchangers are often used to replace obsolete heat exchangers from other manufacturers. All heat exchangers are made of stainless steel (AISI 316). Also less common multi-circuit versions are available: one heat exchanger has more connections, as two smaller heat exchangers are arranged inside in series or in parallel.

Limescale deposits

To prevent limescale build-up, it is advisable to tune the system to low temperatures, ideally close to 60 °C. Higher temperatures are associated with faster clogging of the exchanger with limescale. Lower temperatures also increase the efficiency of the system. Another possibility is to chemically treat the water, e.g. to dose polyphosphate into the circulation. It binds to calcium ions and so prevents depositing it onto plates. Polyphosphates are not suitable for drinking water though. Information how to clean heat exchanger is in the manual or on the home page.

  • Let you design for higher flow and lower temperatures to transfer the same heat load.
  • The higher flow rate also brings turbulent flow into the channels between the plates. This type of flow gives self-cleaning ability to the exchanger.
  • It is often appropriate to design the DHW heat exchanger in cocurrent flow. A slightly larger exchanger will be needed, but the DHW won't overheat.
  • Let you connect DHW inlet into the lower port of the heat exchanger. It is more difficult for deposits to enter the exchanger.

SiO2 based protection to prevent limescale deposits

Sealix is a new generation of brazed plate heat exchangers that creates a barrier and keeps water running longer:

  • protection of the exchanger against corrosion caused by excessive content of chlorides/fluorides in the water;
  • protection of copper solder against free iron in water (e.g. rusting radiators);
  • protection against limestone deposits on the exchanger plates.
Sealix – exchanger coated with SiO2 layer

Condensing and non-condensing boilers

E5, E6, E8 series heat exchangers are designed for condensing and non-condensing boilers. They are compact and have low pressure losses. SWEP E5T, E6T and E8T heat exchangers are optimized for non-condensing boilers. SWEP E5AS, also SWEP E8AS, are often used for condensing boilers.

Central heating, district heating, heating stations

SWEP heat exchangers are used in stations for central heat supply because

Heat exchanger for heating
  • they are compact, taking up little space in hard-to-reach areas, making their installation cheap;
  • they are reliable because they undergo pressure testing before leaving production;
  • in addition to the water/water system, they can also be installed as a steam exchanger;
  • they do not contain gaskets and therefore require reduced maintenance costs compared to gasketed exchangers; due to the turbulent flows between the plates they have a self-cleaning ability;
  • they are compact, almost every part participates in heat exchange therefore, they are extremely efficient and cost-effective.

Solar heating

In the summer months, up to 1000 W/m2 can be utilized. Solar panels have an efficiency of 60 to 70%. Under favorable conditions, the solar system can take about 500 to 600 W/m2, less in the winter months.

SWEP heat exchangers are a key component in many solar panel applications and transfer heat to water tanks, swimming pools or domestic hot water. A circulation pump is necessary to ensure operation. Larger flows increase the efficiency of the panel, but increase the pressure losses of the exchanger (more power consumption by the circulation pump). The system is filled with antifreeze solution: freezing the circulating water in the winter months would damage the solar panels and the plate heat exchanger. Ethylene glycol in concentrations of 30 to 40 is frequently used as a medium.

Water tank heating by solar panel More efficient heating of the water tank by the solar panel

Heat transfer efficiency in conventional single-circuit systems is sometimes low. The water in the tank hardly flows, contaminants such as algae or rust on the pipes eventually lead to impaired heat transfer and poor hygiene. This leads to a further decrease in performance and raises doubts about the safety of the water in the tank. The tank needs to be opened and cleaned over time.

If a plate heat exchanger is incorporated into the system, the water in it will flow turbulently. This is the difference from a tube heat exchanger. The benefit is increased efficiency and also self-cleaning ability. The tubular heat exchanger, which takes up space, is not needed and no deposits are presented.

Because SWEP heat exchangers have a large capacity with small dimensions, they are ideal for such applications. To transfer power from solar panels, we recommend a lower series of exchangers: SWEP E5 and SWEP E6. For home use, their smallest version (about 10 plates) is sufficient. The connections of these exchangers are 3/4" ISO G external thread.

Cogeneration

Internal combustion engines operate with low efficiency, often less than 40%. Unused energy is released from the engine as heat by the exhaust. The cogeneration unit uses this waste heat, for example, to heat hot water or for heating. This is achieved by connecting a heat exchanger: this allows heat to be transferred from the primary circuit (cogeneration unit) to the secondary circuit (DHW, heating). In this way, a thermal efficiency of 80% or more can be achieved.

https://www.vymeniky-tepla.cz/

Heat recovery

Industrial and commercial air conditioners operate at near atmospheric pressures, and small/compact heat exchangers are often less suitable than bulky heat exchangers that are designed specifically for such purposes. SWEP heat exchangers still have such a strong place in the industry as

  • economizers,
  • internal heat exchangers (IHX), or
  • sub-coolers.

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